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Flourless Millet Oat Bread {vegan, GF, 5 ingredients}

Flourless millet oat bread is the hearty, wholesome bread you need for toast, sandwiches & so much more. Vegan, gluten-free, oil-free, sugar-free, & made with 5 ingredients (plus water and salt), it is incredibly easy to make & bake.

sliced bread made from oats and millet on a wood cutting board

Vegan & Gluten-Free Bread Made Easy

New year. New Bread. I don’t know about you, but toast (especially black currant jam-topped toast) and sandwiches are exactly what I need to make sure 2021 starts, and stays, on track.

This new loaf –Flourless Millet Oat Bread–is baking minimalism at its best. Toasty and nutty in flavor, it has a toothsome texture that it is equally scrumptious topped with sweet and savory toppings, paired with  soups and salads, or gobbled perfectly plain.

Recipe Benefits

This wholesome bread is:

  • Vegan
  • Gluten-free
  • Oil-free
  • Sugar-free
  • Yeast-free
  • Made with 5 ingredients (plus water and optional salt)
  • Easy as can be to make & bake
close-up of sliced milet oat bread on a wood cutting board

Ingredients for the Bread

The exact amounts of each ingredient are indicated in the recipe card at the end of the post.

two glass bowls, one filled with rolled oats and one filled with whole millet

To make this bread you will need the following whole grains:

The oats provide the “glue” to hold the bread together in a firm loaf (no flax, chia xanthan gum, psyllium husk, or other starches required). Millet lends nutty crunch, flavor and texture to the bread.

What is Millet?

Millet is a tiny, spherical grain that, when raw, looks much like couscous.  It is naturally gluten-free and has been cultivated for thousands of years in Europe, Asia and Africa. You can cook it as pilaf or porridge, toast it and use it as a substitute for nuts (so good in muffins), or grind it for baking.

In addition to being gluten-free, millet is high in fiber, a good source of B vitamins, and one of the only alkaline (non acid-forming) grains. Last (the slam dunk), it is inexpensive. Whoo-hoo!

Step by Step Instructions

The only step that requires much time at all–besides the baking–is breaking down the grains. And by “time,” I mean 1 to 2 minutes. 🙂

You can use a blender or food processor (as shown) for grinding the oats, but you will need to use a blender–any variety, it does not need to be a high-speed blender–for the millet

Step 1: Grind the Oats

Grind the oats first, processing them until they are a fine powder. Transfer to a large mixing bowl.

rolled oats in a food processor that have been ground into a flour

Step 2: Blend the Millet

Raw millet seeds are a cinch to grind in a high speed blender. Not so much in a regular blender or food processor. The hard, tiny seeds can take 5 or 6 minutes to break down, and the result is still a rough, uneven meal, not a fine flour.

My solution? Blend the grains with the liquid ingredients (water and vinegar). In 30 to 60 seconds, you have a millet smoothie (acck! no, sorry :)). I mean to say you have evenly, and very finely blended millet. You know that I love easy.

Oh, and be sure to give the millet seeds a quick rinse (and drain), first, to remove any dust or residue.

overhead shot of millet blended with water and vinegar

Step 3: Combine all of the ingredients

Add the leavening ingredients to the bowl with the ground oats. Gluten-free, vegan breads need all the oomph they can get to help them rise (in the absence of eggs and gluten), so I settled on a combination of 2 teaspoons baking powder and 1/4 teaspoon baking soda. I also add 1/2 teaspoon salt, but this is optional/adjustable, according to your preferences and needs.

Pour in the millet-water-vinegar mixture and stir until the batter is smooth and blended. The consistency of the batter is relatively loose, much like a whole grain pancake batter.

glass bowl filled with millet oat bread batter

Step 4: Pour the Batter into a Sprayed Loaf Pan

As soon as the batter is mixed, pour it into a standard-size (9×5-inch) that has been sprayed or greased. This bread release very easily so there is no need to line the pan with parchment paper.

The reason for working quickly is that the baking soda and baking powder are activated as soon as the water and vinegar are added. In order to harness all of the power coming from the resulting bubbles, get the loaf into the oven ASAP.

Step 5: Bake the Bread

Slide the pan into a preheated 375F oven and bake for 50 to 55 minutes  until risen, golden brown at the edges, and a tester (e.g., a toothpick or an uncooked piece of spaghetti) inserted into the center of the loaf comes out clean.

Transfer to a cooling rack and let the bread cool, while still in the pan, for 10 minutes.

millet oat bread in a white baking dish

Remove the loaf of bread from the pan and place it on the cooling rack to cool completely.

millet oat loaf bread , removed from the pan, on a  cooling rack

Once the bread is cool, use a serrated knife to cut it into slices. It is a dense bread (akin to Mestemacher bread); one slice is very satisfying!

gluten free cegan oat bread on a cutting board

How High is the Finished Loaf?

This bread does rise, but it is not a high-rising bread. The cracks on top show how it peaks a bit at the center. My finished loaf is about 2 and 1/4 inches high.

close up of corner of vegan bread loaf

A Flavor Boost Tip: Toast the Millet 

If you have the time and inclination, consider toasting the millet before blending it for this bread. It ups the flavor exponentially!

Toast in the Oven: Spread the rinsed grains on a large, ungreased rimmed baking sheet (I strongly recommend using a light-colored baking sheet). Bake in a preheated 350F oven for 10 to 15 minutes, stirring once (watch closely during the final minutes), until golden brown and fragrant. Immediately transfer the millet to a bowl or plate to stop the cooking from the hot pan.

Toast in a Skillet: Spread the rinsed grains in a large, ungreased skillet. Cook and stir over medium heat for 4 to 7 minutes, stirring, until golden brown and fragrant. Immediately transfer the millet to a bowl or plate to stop the cooking from the hot skillet.

Can I Use Pre-Ground Oat Flour and/or Millet Flour?

Yes! If you have ready-to-use oat flour or millet flour, you can can skip the grinding steps and simply combine all of the ingredients in one bowl.

Here is what you will need to replace the rolled oats and whole millet:

Oat Flour: 2 and 1/4 cups (200 g)

Millet Flour: 1 cup + 6 tablespoons (220 g)

2 slices of millet oat bread on a wood cutting board

How Long Will the Bread Keep?

The cooled bread can be stored in an airtight container at cool room temperature for up to 2 days. After that, I recommend storing it in the refrigerator (for up to five days), or the freeze for up to 6 months.

As good as the bread is shortly after baking, I cannot say enough good things about this bread toasted. All the nubby edges 

Happy Baking!

Yield: 1 loaf (14 slices)

Flourless Millet Oat Bread {vegan, GF, oil-free}

gluten free cegan oat bread on a cutting board

Flourless millet oat bread is the hearty, wholesome bread you need for toast, sandwiches & so much more. Vegan, gluten-free, oil-free, sugar-free, & made with 5 ingredients (plus water and salt), it is incredibly easy to make & bake.

Cook Time 35 minutes
Total Time 35 minutes

Ingredients

  • 2 cups (200 g) rolled oats (certified GF, as needed)
  • 1 and 1/2 cups (355 mL) water
  • 1 tablespoon vinegar (or lemon juice)
  • 1 cup (220 g) whole millet
  • 2 teaspoons baking powder (certified GF, as needed)
  • 1/4 teaspoon baking soda
  • Optional: 1/2 teaspoon fine sea salt

Instructions

  1. Preheat oven to 375F (190C). Spray or grease a 9x5-inch (22.5x12.5 cm) loaf pan and line with parchment paper (for easy removal of bread).
  2. In a blender or food processor, process the oats until they are very fine; transfer to a large mixing bowl.
  3. Place the water, vinegar and millet in a blender. Process on high  until the millet is completely smooth and blended (sediment at bottom of blender will be fine sand texture)
  4. Add the baking powder, baking soda, and (optional) salt to the mixing bowl; stir to combine.
  5. Add the millet mixture to the mixing bowl; stir to combine. Immediately transfer batter to prepared loaf pan.
  6. Bake in the preheated oven for 50 to 55 minutes until golden brown, risen slightly and a tester inserted in the center of the loaf comes out clean.
  7. Transfer to a cooling rack and cool in pan for 10 minutes. Using parchment paper, remove loaf from pan. Cool bread completely on cooling rack.

Notes

Storage: Store the completely cooled bread in an airtight container at cool room temperature for 2 days, in the refrigerator for 5 days, or the freezer for up to 3 months.

Vinegar Options: I used cider vinegar, but any light-colored vinegar will work in the recipe. As noted, an equal amount of lemon juice can be used in place of the vinegar.

Oat Flour in place of Oats: You can skip the grinding step and use 2 and 1/4 cups (200 g) of oat flour.

Millet Flour in place of Millet: You can skip the grinding step and use 1 cup + 6 tablespoons (220 g) millet flour.

Nutrition Information

Yield

14

Serving Size

1 slice (1/14 of loaf)

Amount Per Serving Calories 103Total Fat 1.6gSaturated Fat 0gTrans Fat 0gUnsaturated Fat 0gCholesterol 0mgSodium 133.7mgCarbohydrates 19.4gFiber 2.6gSugar 0.4gProtein 3.1g

Did you make this recipe?

Tag @powerhungrycamilla on Instagram and hashtag it #powerhungrycamilla

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Chloe

Wednesday 21st of September 2022

Hi, I've been enjoying your various bread recipes - thanks for posting! I'm just wondering about the water quantity in this one. It says 1.5 cups or 425mL, but isn't 1.5 cups only 355mL? I did try making this using the 1.5 cups, and my batter was much thicker than yours looks, and the bread quite dense (though still tasted great). Can you clarify the water quantity? Thanks!

Judy

Tuesday 7th of June 2022

If I am using oat flour and millet flour I assume that I still need to add the 1 and 1/2 cups of water and the 1TBS vinegar as well as the 2 tsp baking powder and 1/4 tsp baking soda, am I right? Thank you, I cannot wait to make this bread!

Camilla

Thursday 9th of June 2022

Hi Judy, Yes, the remaining components of the bread are the same --you are only swapping flour for whole grains. Check out the FAQ section in the post about the amounts of each flour to use in place of the whole grains.

Judy

Tuesday 7th of June 2022

If I am using oat flour and millet flour I assume that I still need to add the 1 and 1/2 cups (425 mL) water and the 1TBS vinegar, is that correct? Thank you, I can't wait to make this bread!

Camilla

Tuesday 7th of June 2022

Hi Judy.

Yes, everything else stays the same. If you see my notes about using flours instead of whole grains (near the end of the post) I give the exact amount of each flour (same weight as whole grains, but the cup measurements are very different) and suggest whisking everything in a bowl (no need to blend in a blender)

Stasia

Thursday 13th of January 2022

I love this recipe because I can soak the millet beforehand! When I make millet flour bread it tastes metallic almost. I also love the biscuit-like taste and that it doesn’t need a lot of salt to taste good!

Thanks for this recipe!!

Camilla

Thursday 13th of January 2022

Wonderful, Stasia! :)

V

Tuesday 8th of June 2021

Hi there! By “whole millet” you mean whole hulled millet, yes? Thanks

Camilla

Tuesday 15th of June 2021

Hi V,

Yes. I have not come across anything other than hulled millet here is the US, but perhaps unsullied is available elsewhere.

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